U.S. Government Orders Train Company to Clean Toxic Ohio Derailment Site

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The U.S. government on Tuesday ordered rail operator Norfolk Southern Corp to clean up contaminated soil and water at the site of a train derailment in East Palestine, Ohio, and to attend all public meetings with local residents.

The Environmental Protection Agency order requires Norfolk Southern to submit a work plan for EPA approval for the clean up associated with the Feb. 3 derailment. The wreck of the train loaded with toxic chemicals resulted in a fire that sent clouds of smoke over the town. Thousands of residents had to evacuate while railroad crews drained and burned off chemicals.

“Let me be crystal clear: Norfolk Southern will pay for cleaning up the mess that they created and for trauma they’ve inflicted on this community,” EPA Administrator Michael Regan said during a press conference in East Palestine.

The First Church of Christ hosts a newly opened clinic following the derailment of a train carrying toxic chemicals which caused a fire that sent a cloud of smoke over the town of East Palestine, Ohio, U.S., February 21, 2023. REUTERS/Alan Freed

Norfolk Southern said in an emailed statement that it recognizes its responsibility to “thoroughly and safely” clean up the derailment site and pay for it, adding: “We are going to learn from this terrible accident and work with regulators and elected officials to improve railroad safety.”

Norfolk Southern shares were down 1.6% on Tuesday afternoon and have slid almost 11% since Feb. 3.

The derailment took place on the border between Ohio and Pennsylvania.

Josh Shapiro, the governor of Pennsylvania and a Democrat, sharply criticized Norfolk Southern for what he called the company’s “corporate greed and incompetence” in being responsible for the derailment and for how the company has responded since. The governor said the company has chosen not to work within the “unified command” of government agencies in the clean-up process.

Local waterways are monitored following the derailment of a train carrying toxic chemicals which caused a fire that sent a cloud of smoke over the town of East Palestine, Ohio, U.S., February 21, 2023. REUTERS/Alan Freed

“They created confusion in this process,” Shapiro said. “They gave us inaccurate information and conflicting modeling data, and they refused to explore or articulate alternative courses of action when we were dealing with the derailment in the early days.”

Shapiro was referring to a decision to drain a toxic chemical from rail cars after the wreck and set it on fire, creating a toxic plume of air. Norfolk Southern did not immediately reply for a request for comment on Shapiro’s remarks.

EPA issued the order under the federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, which gives it the authority to force parties responsible for pollution to clean it up.

“I know this order cannot undo the nightmare that families in this town have been living, but it will begin to deliver much needed justice for the pain that Norfolk Southern has caused,” Regan said.

Although no fatalities or injuries have been reported, residents have been demanding answers about health risks and blaming Norfolk Southern, state and federal officials for a lack of information regarding the crash.

EPA will require the company to reimburse the agency for any cleaning services it offers residents and businesses. If the EPA is forced to do any clean-up work that the railroad refuses to do, the agency can force Norfolk Southern to pay triple the cost of those operations, Regan said. The EPA is also forcing the railroad to participate in public meetings in East Palestine.

FILE PHOTO: Signage is seen at the headquarters of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in Washington, D.C., U.S., May 10, 2021. REUTERS/Andrew Kelly

Residents were angry last week when the railway operator did not attend a town hall meeting. Norfolk Southern said it had consulted with town leaders and was worried about the safety of its employees if they did attend.

Regan said the agency is taking this action now because the situation has moved from the emergency response phase, during which local and state agencies had the lead, to the clean-up phase, when the federal government takes command.

The agency will also create a unified command structure to coordinate the clean-up related efforts alongside the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the Department of Health and Human Services, Ohio EPA, Ohio Emergency Management Agency, Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, as well as Norfolk Southern.

(Reporting by Valerie Volcovici in Washington and Brad Brooks in Lubbock, Texas; Editing by Donna Bryson and David Gregorio)